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Pope Blessed John XXIII

Also known as Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli

Memorial 11 October

Profile Born to an Italian peasant family. Educated at Bergamo and the Pontifical Roman Seminary. Ordained on 10 August 1904. Secretary to the bishop of Bergamo from 1904 to 1914, during which he wrote the basis for his five-volume biography of Saint Charles Borromeo. Served in World War I in the medical corps, and as a chaplain. Worked in Rome after the war, and reorganized the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. Archbishop in 1925. Vatican diplomatic representative to Bulgaria on 16 October 1931, then Turkey and Greece on 12 January 1935. Named papal nuncio to France in 1944 where he mediated between conservative and socially radical clergy. Created cardinal on 12 January 1953, and patriarch of Venice on 15 January 1953. Elected 261st pope on 28 October 1958. As pope, he stressed his own pastoral duties as well as those of other bishops and clergy. Promoted social reforms for workers, poor people, orphans, and the outcast. He advanced cooperation with other faiths and traditions including Protestant, Greek Orthodox, Church of England, and even Shinto. In April 1959, he forbade Catholics to vote for parties supporting Communism.

His encyclical Mater et Magistra of 14 July 1961 advocated social reform, assistance to underdeveloped countries, a living wage for all workers, and support for socialist measures that promised real benefit to society. He nearly doubled the number of cardinals, making the college the largest in history. On 25 January 1959, he announced his intent to call a council to consider ways to renew the Church in the modern world, promote diversity within the unity of the Church, and consider reforms promoted by ecumenical and liturgical movements. Convening the council, known as Vatican II, on 11 October 1962, was the high point of his reign. His heartiness, his overflowing love for humanity individually and collectively, and his freshness of approach to ecclesiastical affairs made John one of the best-loved popes of modern times.

Born 25 November 1881 at Sotto il Monte, diocese of Bergamo, Italy as Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Papal

Ascension 28 October 1958 Papal

Canonizations 1959: Saint Charles of Sezze 1959: Saint Joaquina de Vedruna de Mas 1960: Saint Gregory Barbarigo 1960: Saint John de Ribera 1961: Saint Bertilla Boscardin 1962: Saint Anthony Pucci 1962: Saint Francis Mary of Camporosso 1962: Saint Martin de Porres 1962: Saint Peter Julian Eymard 1963: Saint Vincent Pallotti

Died 3 June 1963 at Rome, Italy of natural causes buried in Saint Peter's basilica, Vatican City

Name Meaning God is gracious; gift of God (John)

Beatified 3 September 2000 by Pope John Paul II at Saint Peter's Square, Rome Canonized pending

Patronage papal delegates

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