known as Katherine of Alexandria
Memorial 25 November removed
from the calendar and cultus suppressed in 1969
Apocryphal. Nobility. Learned in science and oratory. Converted to Christianity
after receiving a vision. When she was 18 years old, during the persecution of
Maximus, she offered to debate the pagan philosophers. Many were converted by
her arguments, and immediately martyred. Maximus had her scourged and imprisoned.
The empress and the leader of Maximus' army were amazed by the stories, went to
see Catherine in prison. They converted and were martyred. Maximus ordered her
broken on the wheel, but she touched it and the wheel was destroyed. She was beheaded,
and her body whisked away by angels. Immensely popular during the Middle Ages,
there were many chapels and churches devoted to her throughout western Europe,
and she was reported as one of the divine advisors to Saint Joan of Arc. Her reputation
for learning and wisdom led to her patronage of libaries, librarians, teachers,
archivists, and anyone associated with wisdom or teaching. Her debating skill
and persuasive language has led to her patronage of lawyers. And her torture on
the wheel led to those who work with them asking for her intercession. One of
the Fourteen Holy Helpers. While there may well have been a noble, educated, virginal
lady who swayed pagans with her rhetoric during the persecutions, the accretion
of legend, romance and poetry has long since buried the real Catherine.
Died beheaded c.305 in Alexandria, Egypt
Name Meaning pure one (= Catherine)
who work with a wheel ,(potters, spinners, etc.) archivists ,Camerata Picena,
Italy Dumaguete, Philippines, diocese of dying people .educators .girls. Heidesheim
am Rhein, Germany jurists. knife grinders .knife sharpeners. Kuldiga, Latvia lawyers.
librarians. libraries .Mähring, Germany maidens .mechanics .millers .nurses. old
maids .philosophers potters. preachers. scholars. schoolchildren s.cribes. secretaries.
spinners .spinsters .stenographers ,students, tanners, teachers theologians,
spiked wheel ,woman strapped to the spiked wheel on which she was martyred
,woman arguing with pagan philosophers
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