known as Doctor of Mystical Theology
Memorial 14 December
formerly 24 November
Profile Born in poverty. Cared
for the poor in the hospital in Medina. Lay Carmelite brother in 1563 at age 21,
though he lived stricter than their Rule. Studied at Salamanca. Carmelite priest,
ordained in 1567 at age 25. Persuaded by Saint Teresa of Avila to begin the Discalced
or barefoot reform within the Carmelite Order, he took the name John of the Cross.
Master of novices. Spiritual director and confessor at Saint Teresa's convent.
His reforms did not set well with some of his brothers, and he was ordered to
return to Medina. He refused, and was imprisoned at Toledo, Spain, escaping after
nine months. Vicar-general of Andalusia. His reforms revitalized the Order. Great
contemplative and spiritual writer.
Proclaimed Doctor of
the Church by Pope Pius XI on 24 August 1926.
Born 24 June
1542 at Fontiveros, Spain
Died 14 December 1591 at Ubeda,
Andalusia, Spain; relics at Segovia
God is gracious; gift of God
Beatified 25 January 1675 by
Pope Clement X
Canonized 27 December 1726 by Pope Benedict
Patronage contemplative life, contemplatives
,mystical theology, mystics ,Spanish poets
to Saints Index Gallery at www.TotallyCatholic.com