known as Giuseppe Melchior Sarto, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, Giuseppe Sarto, Joseph
Sarto, Pope of the Blessed Sacrament
Memorial 21 August
Profile Son of Giambattista Sarto, a village cobbler,
and Margherita Sanson. Lived an impoverished childhood as one of eight children.
Baptized on 3 June 1835. Confirmed on 1 September 1848. Felt a calling to the
priesthood from his youth. Studied at the seminary of Padua, and was known as
an exceptional student. Ordained by Blessed Giovanni Antonio Farina on 18 September
1858. Chaplain at Tombolo from 1858 to 1867. Archpriest of Salzano from 1867 to
1875. Canon of the Treviso cathedral chapter in 1875. Rector of the Treviso seminary
and its spiritual director for nine years. Primicerius of the cathedral in 1879.
Chancellor of the diocese of Treviso. Vicar capitular from December 1879 to June
1880. Bishop of Mantua, Italy on 10 November 1884. Assistant at the Pontifical
Throne on 19 June 1891. Created cardinal-priest of Saint Bernardo alle Terme on
12 June 1893. Patriarch of Venice on 15 June 1893. Chosen 257th pope, taking the
name Pius X. Issued decrees on early (age 7 instead of 12 or 14 as previously)
and frequent Communion. Destroyed the last vestiges of Jansenism by advocating
frequent and even daily Communion. Reformed the liturgy, promoted clear and simple
homilies, and brought Gregorian chant back to services. Revised the Breviary,
and teaching of the Catechism. Fought Modernism, which he denounced as "the summation
of all heresies". Reorganized the Roman curia, the administrative elements of
the Church. Worked against the modern antagonism of the state against the Church.
Initiated the codification of canon law. Promoting Bible reading by all the faithful.
Supported foreign missions. His will read: "I was born poor; I lived poor; I wish
to die poor."
Born 2 June 1835 at Riese, diocese of Treviso,
Venice, Austria (now Italy) as Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
Died 20 August 1914 at Vatican City from natural causes aggravated by worries
over the beginning of World War I buried under the altar of the chapel of the
Presentation, Saint Peter's basilica
Beatified 3 June 1951
Canonized 29 May 1954 by Pope Pius XII
Atlanta, Georgia, archdiocese of, Des Moines, Iowa, diocese of, first communicants
Great Falls-Billings, Montana, diocese of, Kottoyam, India, archdiocese of, pilgrims
Santa Lucija, Malta Springfield-Cape Girardeau, Missouri, diocese of, Zamboanga,
Philippines, archdiocese of
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