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St Andrew the Apostle

Also known as :Andreas the Apostle, Endres the Apostle Memorial 30 November

Profile The first Apostle. Fisherman. Brother of Simon Peter. Follower of John the Baptist. Went through life leading people to Jesus, both before and after the Crucifixion. Missionary in Asia Minor and Greece, and possibly areas in modern Russia and Poland. Martyred on an saltire (x-shaped) cross, he is said to have preached for two days from it. Some peculiar marriage-related superstitions have attached themselves to Saint Andrew's feast day. * An old German tradition says that single women who wish to marry should ask for Saint Andrew's help on the Eve of his feast, then sleep naked that night; they will see their future husbands in their dreams. * Another says that young women should note the location of barking dogs on Saint Andrew's Eve: their future husbands will come from that direction. * On the day after Andrew's feast, young people float cups in a tub; if a boy's and a girl's cup drift together and are intercepted by a cup inscribed "priest", it indicates marriage. There are several explanations for why Andrew became the patron of Scotland. * In 345, Emperor Constantine the Great decided to translate Andrew's bones from Patras to Constantinople. Saint Regulus was instructed by an angel to take many of these relics to the far northwest. He was eventally told to stop on the Fife coast of Scotland, where he founded the settlement of Saint Andrew. * In the 7th century, Saint Wilfrid brought some of the saint's relics with him after a pilgrimage to Rome. The Scots king, Angus MacFergus, installed them at Saint Andrew's to enhance the prestige of the new diocese. * When the Pictish King Angus faced a large invading army, he prayed for guidance. A white cloud in the form of a saltire cross floated across the blue sky above him. Angus won a decisive victory, and decreed that Andrew would be the patron saint of his country. Following Robert Bruce's victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, the Declaration of Arbroath officially named Saint Andrew the patron saint of Scotland. The Saltire became the national flag of Scotland in 1385.

Born at Bethsaida Died crucified on a saltire (x-shaped) cross in Greece

Name Meaning strong, manly, manhood, valour (greek)

Patronage Achaia Amalfi, Italy, anglers, Antey-Saint-Andre, Italy Berchtesgaden, Germany ,Burgundy, Cartosio, Italy Conflenti, Italy Constantinople, diocese of Encinasola, Huelva, Spain ,fish dealers, fish mongers ,fishermen, gout ,Grand Rapids, Michigan, diocese of Greece Grognardo, Italy Lampertheim, Germany Luqa, Malta, maidens, old maids Patras, Greece Plymouth, England ,Russia, Scotland ,singers, sore throats ,Spanish armed forces, spinsters, University of Patras , unmarried women ,women who wish to become mothers

Representation fish ,fishing net ,man bound to a cross, man preaching from a cross ,old man with long white hair and a beard, holding the Gospel in his right hand, and leaning on a transverse ,cross preacher holding some fish ,Saint Andrew's cross saltire (x-shaped) cross

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